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Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) System

Short (Certificate) Courses for Pilots-in-Service

Min. Academic & Professional Level

Intermediate & PPL,CPL, ATPL Holders & Flight Instructors

Course Designed for:

PPL,CPL, ATPL Holders, Airlines & GA Pilot-in-Service, Flight Instructors of Flying Clubs & Flight Simulators

Short Course Modules:

Contents:

Module 1: Introduction to PRM System

1.1. Overview of PRM System

1.2. Historical Development of PRM Systems

1.3. Significance of PRM Systems in Aviation

1.4. Key Components of a PRM System

Module 2: PRM System Operations

2.1. PRM System Principles

2.2. PRM System Configuration and Deployment

2.3. Data Acquisition and Processing

2.4. Integration with Air Traffic Control

Module 3: PRM System Sensors and Equipment

3.1. Radar-Based Sensors in PRM

3.2. Lidar Sensors in PRM

3.3. Camera Systems for PRM

3.4. Environmental Sensors and Their Role

Module 4: Data Processing and Fusion

4.1. Data Acquisition and Preprocessing

4.2. Data Fusion Techniques in PRM

4.3. Data Quality Control

4.4. Real-time Data Analysis in PRM

Module 5: Safety and Risk Assessment

5.1. Safety Protocols in PRM Operations

5.2. Risk Management in PRM

5.3. Mitigating Factors in PRM

5.4. Human Factors in PRM Safety

Module 6: PRM System Calibration and Maintenance

6.1. Calibration of PRM Equipment

6.2. Routine Maintenance Practices

6.3. Troubleshooting and Diagnostics

6.4. Long-term System Upkeep

Module 7: PRM System Applications

7.1. PRM in Low Visibility Conditions

7.2. PRM in Airfield Management

7.3. PRM for Runway Incursion Prevention

7.4. Integration with NextGen and SESAR

Module 8: Regulatory Framework and Compliance

8.1. International Aviation Standards for PRM

8.2. National Regulations and Oversight

8.3. Compliance Audits and Certifications

8.4. Legal and Ethical Considerations

 

Module 9: Case Studies and Best Practices

9.1. Success Stories of PRM Implementation

9.2. Lessons Learned from PRM Incidents

9.3. Best Practices in PRM System Management

9.4. Industry Trends and Innovations

Module 10: Future Trends and Emerging Technologies

10.1. Evolving PRM Technologies

10.2. Automation and Artificial Intelligence in PRM

10.3. Advancements in Data Visualization

10.4. Environmental Impact and Sustainability of PRM Systems

An Overview:

Definition: Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) is a ground-based surveillance system of high-speed, high-precision radar, developed to monitor simultaneous approaches on parallel runways that are spaced less than 1,310 Meters (4,300 ft) to each other.

 The Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) System is a radar-based aviation technology designed to enhance safety during aircraft operations, specifically in scenarios where parallel runways are located close to each other. It is primarily used for airports that have closely spaced parallel runways, which might have reduced separation distances due to geographical limitations or airspace constraints. The PRM system assists air traffic controllers in managing the simultaneous takeoff and landing operations on these parallel runways, ensuring safe separation between aircraft.

Without PRM System

Airports with closely spaced parallels must maintain staggered approaches, which decreases throughput, especially during peak periods and inclement weather.

With PRM System

Airports with closely spaced parallels can maintain independent approaches, even during adverse weather conditions, which greatly improves capacity.

Here’s a detailed explanation of the Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) System, including its components, procedures, and benefits:

Components of PRM System:

Primary Surveillance Radar (PSR): This radar component provides basic surveillance of aircraft positions, giving controllers information about an aircraft’s lateral position, altitude, and ground speed.

Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR): SSR is used to identify aircraft by their transponder signals. It provides more detailed information about aircraft, including their call signs, altitudes, and other relevant data.

Secondary Surveillance Radar Mode S: This advanced version of SSR allows for more data exchange between the aircraft and air traffic control, including information like aircraft intent, flight number, and more.

Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS): DGPS augments the accuracy of aircraft positioning information, improving the precision of the PRM system.

PRM Processor: This is the core of the PRM system, which processes information from the PSR, SSR, and DGPS to generate a clear and accurate picture of aircraft positions 

and movements.

PRM System Procedures:

Approach Phase: As an aircraft approaches the airport, it is detected by the radar system. The PRM system identifies aircraft on parallel runways and calculates their separation distances.

Monitoring: The PRM system continuously monitors the positions and trajectories of aircraft on both runways. It predicts potential conflicts or violations of separation standards.

Alerts: If the PRM system detects a potential conflict, it alerts air traffic controllers through visual and auditory cues. The system calculates the time and distance required for the aircraft to reach a safe separation point.

Controller Intervention: Based on the alerts and predictions from the PRM system, air traffic controllers make real-time decisions. They may issue instructions to adjust aircraft speeds, altitudes, or headings to ensure safe separation.

Coordination: Controllers on both runways collaborate closely to manage aircraft operations safely. They use the information provided by the PRM system to coordinate takeoffs, landings, and other maneuvers.

Benefits of PRM System:

Enhanced Safety: The PRM system significantly reduces the risk of runway incursions and potential mid-air conflicts, thereby enhancing safety for aircraft, passengers, and crews.

Increased Capacity: By allowing simultaneous operations on closely spaced parallel runways, the PRM system increases airport capacity and reduces delays.

Efficient Operations: The PRM system helps optimize aircraft sequencing, spacing, and scheduling, leading to more efficient use of airspace and runways.

Weather Independence: The PRM system’s radar-based technology is less affected by adverse weather conditions compared to visual-based control methods.

Reduced Workload: Air traffic controllers benefit from the PRM system’s automated alerts and predictive capabilities, reducing their cognitive workload during complex operations.

In conclusion, the Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) System is a sophisticated aviation technology that enhances safety and efficiency at airports with closely spaced parallel runways. By integrating radar data, transponder information, and advanced processing, the system assists controllers in managing aircraft operations and preventing conflicts, ultimately ensuring safe takeoffs and landings.

This site provides information sources for conducting simultaneous, independent approaches to closely spaced, parallel runways, identified as PRM approaches.

Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) Training

  • The training slide presentation, “Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) Pilot Procedures,” is required viewing for most pilots conducting PRM approaches. It is divided into two main sections. The first section (page 1-11) are applicable for PRM. The second section (page 12-20) are applicable to SOIA, which is a specialized application of PRM procedures.
  • At the present time, worldwide, there are no active SOIA procedures but normal PRM procedures are still being used and that usage is likely to expand. However, the FAA has chosen to retain the subject matter addressing SOIA in various publications in the event that, at a future time, a facility may choose to implement SOIA. Therefore, review of the SOIA portion of the training (page 12-20) is left to the discretion of the operator.
  • It is emphasized that the PRM procedures presented on pages 1-11 of the slide presentation are applicable, and are required for operations as outlined below.

Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) Pilot Procedures: (View or download): MS PowerPoint, PDF

  • Note: MS PowerPoint and PDF formatted training documents published 5 May 2020 are available below:
  • 15 March 2018: No content changes, Graphics enhanced pages 6, 7, 12, 14, 15, 16
  • 05 May 2020: Replaced 3000’ with 2500’, pages 1, 12 (reduced runway spacing permitted)
  • AIM 5-4-16, Simultaneous Close Parallel ILS PRM Approaches (Independent) and Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approaches (SOIA).
  • Note: Select either PDF or HTM format on Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM), and scroll down to Chap. 5, Sec. 4.

 

Required PRM Training –

  • For operations under 14 CFR Parts 121, 129, and 135, pilots must comply with FAA-approved company training as identified in their Operations Specifications
  • For operations under Part 91:
  • Pilots operating transport category aircraft must be familiar with PRM and SOIA operations as contained in the AIM. Training, at a minimum, must require pilots to view the FAA slide presentation, “Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) Pilot Procedures”
  • Pilots not operating transport category aircraft must be familiar with PRM and SOIA operations as contained in the AIM. The FAA strongly recommends these pilots view the FAA training slide presentation, “Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) Pilot Procedures”

Precision Runway Monitor Training Video:

Link.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfHFaEy8Xsc&ab_channel=flightcrewguide.com

Course Modules:

Course Title: Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) System

Module 1: Introduction to PRM System

1.1. Overview of PRM System

1.2. Historical Development of PRM Systems

1.3. Significance of PRM Systems in Aviation

1.4. Key Components of a PRM System

 

1.1. Overview of PRM System

1.2. Historical Development of PRM Systems

1.3. Significance of PRM Systems in Aviation

1.4. Key Components of a PRM System

Module 2: PRM System Operations

2.1. PRM System Principles

2.2. PRM System Configuration and Deployment

2.3. Data Acquisition and Processing

2.4. Integration with Air Traffic Control

 

2.1. PRM System Principles

2.2. PRM System Configuration and Deployment

2.3. Data Acquisition and Processing

2.4. Integration with Air Traffic Control

Module 3: PRM System Sensors and Equipment

3.1. Radar-Based Sensors in PRM

3.2. Lidar Sensors in PRM

3.3. Camera Systems for PRM

3.4. Environmental Sensors and Their Role

 

3.1. Radar-Based Sensors in PRM

3.2. Lidar Sensors in PRM

3.3. Camera Systems for PRM

3.4. Environmental Sensors and Their Role

Module 4: Data Processing and Fusion

4.1. Data Acquisition and Preprocessing

4.2. Data Fusion Techniques in PRM

4.3. Data Quality Control

4.4. Real-time Data Analysis in PRM

 

4.1. Data Acquisition and Preprocessing

4.2. Data Fusion Techniques in PRM

4.3. Data Quality Control

4.4. Real-time Data Analysis in PRM

Module 5: Safety and Risk Assessment

5.1. Safety Protocols in PRM Operations

5.2. Risk Management in PRM

5.3. Mitigating Factors in PRM

5.4. Human Factors in PRM Safety

 

5.1. Safety Protocols in PRM Operations

5.2. Risk Management in PRM

5.3. Mitigating Factors in PRM

5.4. Human Factors in PRM Safety

Module 6: PRM System Calibration and Maintenance

6.1. Calibration of PRM Equipment

6.2. Routine Maintenance Practices

6.3. Troubleshooting and Diagnostics

6.4. Long-term System Upkeep

 

6.1. Calibration of PRM Equipment

6.2. Routine Maintenance Practices

6.3. Troubleshooting and Diagnostics

6.4. Long-term System Upkeep

Module 7: PRM System Applications

7.1. PRM in Low Visibility Conditions

7.2. PRM in Airfield Management

7.3. PRM for Runway Incursion Prevention

7.4. Integration with NextGen and SESAR

 

7.1. PRM in Low Visibility Conditions

7.2. PRM in Airfield Management

7.3. PRM for Runway Incursion Prevention

7.4. Integration with NextGen and SESAR

Module 8: Regulatory Framework and Compliance

8.1. International Aviation Standards for PRM

8.2. National Regulations and Oversight

8.3. Compliance Audits and Certifications

8.4. Legal and Ethical Considerations

 

8.1. International Aviation Standards for PRM

8.2. National Regulations and Oversight

8.3. Compliance Audits and Certifications

8.4. Legal and Ethical Considerations

Module 9: Case Studies and Best Practices

9.1. Success Stories of PRM Implementation

9.2. Lessons Learned from PRM Incidents

9.3. Best Practices in PRM System Management

9.4. Industry Trends and Innovations

 

9.1. Success Stories of PRM Implementation

9.2. Lessons Learned from PRM Incidents

9.3. Best Practices in PRM System Management

9.4. Industry Trends and Innovations

Module 10: Future Trends and Emerging Technologies

10.1. Evolving PRM Technologies

10.2. Automation and Artificial Intelligence in PRM

10.3. Advancements in Data Visualization

10.4. Environmental Impact and Sustainability of PRM Systems

 

10.1. Evolving PRM Technologies

10.2. Automation and Artificial Intelligence in PRM

10.3. Advancements in Data Visualization

10.4. Environmental Impact and Sustainability of PRM Systems

Conclusion:

This comprehensive 10-module short course on the Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) System will provide participants with in-depth knowledge and practical insights into the operation, maintenance, safety, and future of PRM systems in aviation. Each module is designed to cover essential aspects of PRM technology, ensuring a well-rounded understanding of this critical component in air traffic management.